Cookie声明

    From the Wikimedia Foundation Governance Wiki
    This page is a translated version of the page Cookie statement and the translation is 52% complete.
    Wikimedia-logo black.svg

    Wikimedia policies

    Wikimedia projects
    Foundation Board and staff
    Other

    如同我们在隐私政策中所说的那样,维基媒体坚信隐私和透明度的价值。为此,我们创建了此Cookie声明,作为在维基媒体网站上使用Cookie的明确参考指南。本Cookie声明解释了我们如何使用 Cookie(以及其他本地存储的数据技术)、我们如何使用第三方Cookie以及您如何管理您的Cookie选项。更多有关我们隐私条例的信息,请访问我们的 隐私政策

    维基媒体基金会是托管维基媒体网站的非营利组织,它使用各种常用技术积极收集某些类型的信息。这些通常包括 跟踪像素JavaScript,以及各种“本地存储数据”技术,如Cookies本地存储

    什么是Cookie?

    “Cookie”是我们传输到您的计算机、手机或您用于访问维基媒体网站的任何其他设备上的微小数据文件,通常用于身份验证和跟踪。每个Cookie都会在一段时间后过期,但该期限因Cookie的用途和浏览器的配置方式而异。

    Cookie通常根据它们在过期前保持活动状态的时间进行分类。“会话”Cookie通常是在您关闭网络浏览器或移动应用程序时过期的 Cookie。“持久性”Cookie 是指即使在您关闭浏览器或移动应用程序后仍保留在您的设备中的 Cookie。 持久性 Cookie 会根据我们设置的持续时间或您手动删除它时过期。你可以在维基百科上了解更多关于cookie的信息

    您可以通过浏览器设置删除或禁用Cookie。有关如何管理Cookie选项的更多信息,请参阅 第3节,下文中的本Cookie 声明。

    有关此术语和其他可能相关的关键术语的更多信息,请阅读我们的 隐私政策术语表

    维基媒体使用哪些类型的Cookie以及用于什么目的?

    阅读或编辑维基媒体网站不需要Cookie。我们使用从Cookie和其他本地存储的数据技术收到的信息,以使您更安全,更好地使用维基媒体网站,更好地了解用户偏好和与维基媒体网站的互动,并总体上改进我们的服务。需要Cookie才能登录并将您的编辑关联到用户帐户;如果没有Cookie,您的编辑将是匿名的,并且与帐户无关。

    我们使用Cookie、JavaScript、跟踪像素和其他本地存储的数据技术来实现不同的目的。以下是我们使用的Cookie类别及其用途的列表。

    功能上的:

    这些Cookie有助于维基媒体网站的运行,对于使您能够在维基媒体网站上移动和使用其功能至关重要。这些Cookie可用于记住您在登录字段中的用户名、维护您的会话并记住以前的操作、保持您的登录状态(如果选择)等。

    这里有一些例子:

    名称 有效期 类别 它有什么作用?
    centralauth_Token

    {$wgCookiePrefix}* Token

    365天,如果用户选择“保持登录状态”。否则省略。 功能 提供“保持登录状态”功能。
    {$wgCookiePrefix}* UserID, UserName 365天,如果用户选择“保持登录状态”。否则30天。 功能 帮助识别您在Wiki中的身份,并使您保持登录状态。
    loginnotify_prevlogins 180天 功能 验证您是否从已知设备登录。

    这会影响触发向用户发送通知的失败登录尝试次数的阈值。

    centralauth_Session

    {$wgCookiePrefix}* Session

    当用户退出浏览器时 功能 管理会话。提供登录维基媒体项目等功能。

    参数设置:

    这些Cookie存储您的偏好,以便在您下次使用维基媒体网站时记住它们,以获得更加个性化的体验。这些Cookie可用于识别和维护您的语言偏好,记住您对文本大小、字体和其他显示首选项所做的更改,以便我们为您提供所需的外观和感觉等。

    这里有一些例子:

    名称 有效期 类别 它有什么作用?
    stopMobileRedirect 30天 参数设置 告诉我们,如果您不喜欢,请不要重定向到移动版网站。
    uls-preferences 本地存储,而不是Cookie 参数设置 允许您设置通用语言选择器功能的首选项。
    hidewatchlistmessage- [watchlistMessageId]

    ● 其中watchlistMessageld是要隐藏的消息的ID

    28天 参数设置 允许用户隐藏监视列表消息。
    userFontSize Local Storage, not a cookie Preferences Keeps track of your preferred font size on the mobile site.
    preferredEditor Local Storage, not a cookie Preferences Keeps track of your preferred editor on the mobile site.

    Performance and Analysis:

    These cookies count the number of visitors and collect information about how you use the Wikimedia Sites. This allows us to better understand your user experience on the Wikimedia Sites and helps us improve them for you and other users — for instance, by making sure users are finding what they need easily. Other examples include:

    • remembering pages visited, and actions taken on the Wikimedia sites so we can optimize the pages;
    • remembering if users get error messages from web pages;
    • storing your most recently read articles directly on your device, so they can be retrieved quickly;
    • remembering the topics searched so that we can optimize the search results we deliver to you;
    • remembering the list of articles you are following on your watchlist so that we can recommend similar articles that you may be interested in.

    Here are a few examples:

    Name Expires Category What does it do?
    centralnotice_bucket 7 days Performance and Analysis Helps us understand the effectiveness of notices provided to users through the CentralNotice extension. For more details, see https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Extension:CentralNotice
    ext.popups.core.previewCount Local Storage, not a cookie Performance and Analysis Helps us understand the effectiveness of Hovercards.
    WMF-Last-Access 30 days Performance and Analysis Helps us calculate Unique devices accessing our site. See: https://blog.wikimedia.org/2016/03/30/unique-devices-dataset/

    Third-Party:

    We will never use third-party cookies on our wikis unless we get your permission to do so. These cookies would allow us to render services provided by third parties, such as “like” and “share” buttons. When a third party provides these kinds of services, they may require the use of a cookie in order to provide their services.

    If you ever come across a third-party cookie transferred to your device during your access of the Wikimedia wiki sites, where you did not take any action to authorize the use and/or transfer of that cookie  (such as one that may have been mistakenly placed by another user or administrator), please report that cookie to us at privacy@wikimedia.org.

    A note about Wikimedia Foundation non-wiki sites:

    Some non-wiki Wikimedia Foundation sites are hosted by a third-party service provider.

    Sites hosted by WordPress VIP may have the WordPress Stats module enabled. Stats is a service that allows us to understand how many visitors we get to our WordPress-hosted non-wiki sites, their location by country, and which pages, posts and links are the most popular. Only the Wikimedia Foundation and the service provider, Automattic/WordPress, have access to the raw Stats data, which is retained for a maximum of 30 days. For more information about Stats, see WordPress’ support page on the module.

    Sites hosted by Civilized Discourse Construction Kit, Inc., known as Discourse forums, use cookies for functionality purposes and to store preferences. Only the Wikimedia Foundation and the service provider have access to the raw data. For more information about the cookies and their retention periods, see Discourse’s information about cookies. Please note that the Wikimedia Foundation has not configured its Discourse forums to use Google Analytics, serve advertisements, or process donations; Discourse cookies related to those purposes are not used in our Sites.

    What are my cookie options?

    While this is not a comprehensive list, below are some of the things that you can do to limit use of cookies and other locally-stored data technologies on your device. While cookies and other locally-stored data technologies may not be necessary to use our sites, some features may not function properly if you disable them.

    You can:

    • remove or disable specific locally-stored data on your browser’s settings (you can reset your web browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent);
    • use a browser that can block third-party cookies; or
    • install a plug-in to block locally-stored data, if one is available.

    Turning off the browser’s cookies will prevent tracking pixels from tracking your specific activity. A tracking pixel may still record an anonymous visit from your IP address, but unique information will not be recorded. If you do not want to receive tracking pixels, you will need to disable HTML images in your browser-based email client, and that may affect your ability to view images in other emails that you receive.

    Where can I find more information?

    Please read through our Privacy Policy for more information. If you have any further questions, contact privacy@wikimedia.org.

    Thanks!

    Please note that in the event of any differences in meaning or interpretation between the original English version of this document and a translation, the original English version takes precedence.