Lo strumento di informazione sugli IP aiuta gli utenti a proteggere i progetti Wikimedia fornendo le informazioni di cui hanno bisogno sugli indirizzi IP. Come condizione d'accesso allo strumento, gli utenti devono accettare le linee guida che seguono.
Wikimedia Sites are the collaborative product of a global community of volunteer users. The Sites can be edited with or without a Wikimedia account and can be edited with or without signing into an account.
The Wikimedia Foundation gives certain logged-in users access to limited amounts of information about IP addresses to enable users to enforce or investigate potential violations of Wikimedia Foundation or user community-based policies.
The IP Information feature was developed to help streamline anti-abuse work centered on the edits of unregistered and non-logged-in contributors.
The tool has two access levels: Limited Access (which displays a limited set of IP information) and Full Access (which displays a broader range of IP information, including the city-level location, organization, Internet service provider, and autonomous system number). Limited Access is intended to empower a broad range of users to protect the Wikimedia projects using basic IP information. Full Access provides more detailed IP information to a smaller subset of trusted users, as described below.
Requirements for access
To gain access, users must enable the tool in Special:Preferences. Limited Access is then available to any user who is autoconfirmed and has agreed to these guidelines. Full Access is only available to users who are members of the user groups of administrator, bureaucrat, checkuser, oversight, or steward who have also agreed to these guidelines. More information about the two access levels is in the table under Using the tool.
Removal of access
Users may voluntarily give up their access to the tool at any time by visiting Special:Preferences.
To ensure accountability, a log is kept of tool usage and of which users have access to the tool.
Use and disclosure of IP information
Use of the IP Information tool is limited to certain circumstances and contexts. This section covers the situations in which the tool may be used and when information obtained through this tool (IP information) may be disclosed.
Use of IP information
The tool should not be used in an illegal manner and should not be used to inappropriately threaten or pressure users of the Sites who are not engaged in prohibited activity.
Information provided by the tool is not guaranteed to be accurate. Because no open-source alternative exists for this information, the IP Information tool currently displays data from MaxMind's GeoIP2 databases. Accordingly, use of the tool is subject to the MaxMind End User License Agreement, including the following restrictions:
- Do not use, copy, or create derivative works of any information from the tool except as reasonably required in use of the tool.
- Do not allow anyone other than yourself to use the tool.
- Do not use the tool for the purpose of identifying a user’s real name or physical address.
Externally hosted software will not be granted permission to use the IP Information tool due to the use of MaxMind proprietary data in the tool.
In the course of keeping the Sites and its users safe, users may sometimes need to disclose IP information to third parties. Permissible disclosures are limited to the following circumstances:
- Users who have agreed to the separate Access to nonpublic personal data policy may disclose IP information as permitted under that policy.
- All users of this tool may disclose IP information to other users of the IP Information tool with the same or higher access rights as needed. To check if a user has access to the tool, please confirm within the local Site’s Special:Log/rights page for the ipinfo-viewer right. When possible, users should direct other users of the tool to the relevant contributions page rather than disclose IP information directly.
If IP information needs to be disclosed in connection to a threat of imminent physical harm, immediately email emergencywikimedia.org with details of the request so that it can be evaluated for possible Foundation disclosure.
Using the tool
The IP Information tool is accessible through an infobox on the Special:Contributions page of unregistered editors and an abridged version is accessible via a popup on log, history, and recent changes pages.
A log is kept of queries made using the IP Information tool and how the information was accessed. Access to this log is limited to Foundation staff and certain advanced user groups. The following is an example of what is logged:
- 10 May 2022 User:A viewed limited IP Information popup for 188.8.131.52
- 10 May 2022 User:B viewed full IP Information popup for 184.108.40.206
- 10 May 2022 User:C viewed limited IP Information infobox for 220.127.116.11
- 10 May 2022 User:D viewed full IP Information infobox for 18.104.22.168
The information accessible through the tool is described in the table below, as is where the information is accessible and to which users. The source of the first 10 items is MaxMind data, whereas the source of items 11-13 is data from Wikimedia Sites.
|N||IP Info||Description||Where accessible||Access level|
|1||Location||The city-level location associated with the IP address||Popup and Special:Contributions||Full Access only: administrator, bureaucrat, checkuser, oversight, or steward|
|2||Organization||The name of the organization associated with the IP address||Popup and Special:Contributions|
|3||ISP||The name of the Internet service provider associated with the IP address||Special:Contributions|
|4||ASN||The autonomous system number associated with the IP address||Special:Contributions|
|5||Country||The country-level location associated with the IP address||Popup and Special:Contributions||Limited and Full Access: autoconfirmed user group and above|
|6||Connection method||The connection method can be: Dialup, Cable/DSL, Corporate, Cellular||Special:Contributions|
|7||Connection owner||The connection owner can be: business, cafe, cellular, college, consumer_privacy_network, content_delivery_network, government, hosting, library, military, residential, router, school, search_engine_spider, traveler||Special:Contributions|
|8||Real IP / Proxy||Whether the IP address is on a suspected anonymizing network and belongs to a residential ISP, is a public proxy, or appears to be an internal VPN used by a corporation||Special:Contributions|
|9||Static / Dynamic||An indicator of how static or dynamic an IP address is||Special:Contributions|
|10||Number of devices on IP||The estimated number of users sharing the IP/network during the past 24 hours||Special:Contributions|
|11||Blocks||The active and past blocks associated with the IP address||Popup and Special:Contributions|
|12||Local Contributions||The local edits to the Wikimedia site that are associated with the IP address||Popup and Special:Contributions|
|13||Global Contributions||The global edits to all Wikimedia sites that are associated with the IP address||Special:Contributions|