Принципы сбора и распределения средств

From Wikimedia Foundation Governance Wiki
This page is a translated version of the page Policy:Fundraising principles and the translation is 25% complete.

Wikimedia Foundation Fundraising Principles

Эти принципы сбора средств, а также критерии для организаций, имеющих доступ к данным жертвователей и обеспечивающих обработку информации в процессе пожертвований. Изначально они были разработаны Фондом Викимедиа (WMF), и применяются ко всем фондам под эгидой Викимедиа.

Сбор средств

Принципы сбора средств:[1]

Consistency with mission, vision and values
All Wikimedia fundraising activities must be conducted in a manner that's consistent with our overall mission, vision and values. They must not create unnecessary legal exposure for the projects, or otherwise unduly interfere with our ability to achieve our mission.
Minimal cost and minimal disruption
All Wikimedia fundraising activities must aim to raise money from donors effectively - minimizing administrative costs, causing minimal disruption and annoyance for users of the projects, and avoiding slowing the donation flow.
All Wikimedia fundraising activities must be truthful with prospective donors. We need to tell people what we intend to use their money for, before they donate. And we need to report in a timely fashion on how it was actually spent.
All Wikimedia fundraising activities must ensure funds received are safe from fraud or misuse as determined by existing third-party standards for appropriate financial controls, and must adhere to relevant laws and regulations.
Our movement is international in scope, and our fundraising practices must support the easiest possible transfer of money internationally in support of the movement's priorities.
We prefer a fundraising model in which we are supported primarily via the many-small-donors model, because this is the model that best supports our independence.
We do not need to adhere to a single monolithic model for fundraising: multiple donation streams are fine.
Sustainable donor relations
We must safeguard donor privacy in all fundraising interactions, and support effective communication with donors.
Good faith
The Wikimedia movement assumes that all movement participants are acting in good faith, with regards to each other's actions and intentions.
Maximal participation
Consistent with the principles of empowerment underlying Wikimedia’s success, we should empower individuals and groups world-wide to constructively contribute to direct messaging, public outreach, and other activities that drive the success of Wikimedia’s fundraising efforts.

Обработка платежей на местном уровне

The WMF is deeply committed to decentralized pursuit of our mission and to supporting the long-term sustainability of chapters and other movement partners. Because of its role as operator of the websites, it has to be satisfied that any organization directly receiving donor funds will treat them with an appropriately high level of care and transparency.


An organization can directly receive donor funds as a payment processor if the following criteria are met:

  1. Sufficient money is raised by the movement annually in the organization's geography to merit the logistical effort.
  1. The organization offers tax deductibility or other incentives to local donors.
  1. There are no major regulatory issues limiting international flows of funds out of the country.
  1. The organization's current financial resources are not enough to fund proposed program work.
  1. The organization has a strong track record of transparency and efficiency, allowing the WMF to confidently assure donors that donations to the organization will be safeguarded, and used in line with our transparency principles and the messages used to attract donors.
  1. The organization is living up to current fundraising agreements and reporting deadlines.
  1. The donation process clearly discloses information about the organization.