Заявление Фонда Викимедиа о файлах «куки»

From Wikimedia Foundation Governance Wiki
This page is a translated version of the page Policy:Cookie statement and the translation is 42% complete.

Как указано в нашей Политике конфиденциальности, Викимедиа твёрдо верит в ценности конфиденциальности и прозрачности. С этой целью мы создали настоящее Положение о файлах cookie как наглядное руководство по использованию файлов cookie на сайтах Викимедиа. Настоящее Положение о файлах cookie объясняет, как мы используем файлы cookie (и другие технологии локального хранения данных), как мы используем файлы cookie третьих лиц и как вы можете управлять своими возможностями использования файлов cookie. Более подробную информацию о наших методах обеспечения конфиденциальности можно найти в нашей Политике конфиденциальности.

Фонд Викимедиа, некоммерческая организация, управляющая сайтами Викимедиа, активно собирает некоторые виды информации с помощью различных широко используемых технологий. К ним обычно относятся пиксели отслеживания, JavaScript и различные технологии «локального хранения данных», такие как файлы cookie и локальное хранение.

Что такое «куки» (cookie)?

A "cookie" is a tiny data file that we transfer onto your computer, mobile phone, or any other device that you use to access the Wikimedia Sites, and is generally used for authentication and tracking. Every cookie expires after a certain period of time, but that period varies depending on what the cookie is used for and how your browser is configured.

Cookies are often categorized based on how long they remain active before they expire. A "session" cookie is one that generally expires when you close your web browser or mobile application. A "persistent" cookie is one that remains in your device, even after you close your browser or mobile application.  A persistent cookie expires according to the duration set by us, or when you delete it manually. You can learn more about cookies on Wikipedia.

You may remove or disable cookies through your browser settings. For more information on how to manage your cookie options, please see Section 3 of this Cookie Statement below.

For more information on this and other key terms that may be relevant, please read through our Privacy Policy Glossary.

Какие типы куки используются Викимедиа и в каких целях?

Cookies are not required in order to read or edit the Wikimedia Sites. We use the information we receive from cookies and other locally stored data technologies to make your experience with the Wikimedia Sites safer and better, to gain a greater understanding of user preferences and interactions with the Wikimedia Sites, and to generally improve our services. Cookies are required in order to login and for your edits to be associated to a user account; without cookies, your edits will be anonymous and unassociated with an account.

We use cookies, JavaScript, tracking pixels, and other locally stored data technologies to accomplish different purposes. Below is a list of the categories of cookies we use and what they are used for.


These cookies help the Wikimedia Sites work and are essential in order to enable you to move around the Wikimedia site and use their features. These cookies are useful for remembering your username in the login field, maintaining your session and remembering previous actions, keeping you logged in (if selected), and more.

Вот несколько примеров:

Сообщение Истекает Категория Что он делает?

{$wgCookiePrefix}* Token

365 дней, если пользователь выберет «Оставаться в системе». В противном случае опускается. Функциональность Provides 'Keep me logged in' functionality.
{$wgCookiePrefix}* UserID, UserName 365 days, if the user chooses 'Keep me logged in'. Otherwise 30 days. Функциональность Helps identify you to the wiki, and keeps you logged in.
loginnotify_prevlogins 180 дней Функциональность

Verifies that you are logging in from a known device.

This affects the threshold for how many unsuccessful login attempts trigger a notification to the user.


{$wgCookiePrefix}* Session

Когда участник_ица покидает браузер Функциональность Manage sessions. Provides functionality such as logging in to Wikimedia Projects.


These cookies store your preferences, so that they can be remembered the next time you use the Wikimedia Sites, for a more customized experience. These cookies are useful for recognizing and maintaining your language preference, remembering changes you have made to text size, fonts and other display preferences, so we can provide you with the look and feel that you want, and more.  

Вот несколько примеров:

Сообщение Истекает Категория Что он делает?
stopMobileRedirect 30 дней Настройки Tells us not to redirect to the mobile site if you do not like that.
uls-preferences Local Storage, not a cookie Настройки Allows you to set preferences for the Universal Language Selector functionality.
hidewatchlistmessage- [watchlistMessageId]

● where watchlistMessageld is the Id of the message being hidden

28 дней Настройки Allows a user to hide a watchlist message.
userFontSize Local Storage, not a cookie Настройки Keeps track of your preferred font size on the mobile site.
preferredEditor Local Storage, not a cookie Настройки Keeps track of your preferred editor on the mobile site.

Производительность и анализ:

These cookies count the number of visitors and collect information about how you use the Wikimedia Sites. This allows us to better understand your user experience on the Wikimedia Sites and helps us improve them for you and other users — for instance, by making sure users are finding what they need easily. Other examples include:

  • remembering pages visited, and actions taken on the Wikimedia sites so we can optimize the pages;
  • remembering if users get error messages from web pages;
  • storing your most recently read articles directly on your device, so they can be retrieved quickly;
  • remembering the topics searched so that we can optimize the search results we deliver to you;
  • remembering the list of articles you are following on your watchlist so that we can recommend similar articles that you may be interested in.

Вот несколько примеров:

Сообщение Истекает Категория Что он делает?
centralnotice_bucket 7 дней Производительность и анализ Helps us understand the effectiveness of notices provided to users through the CentralNotice extension. For more details, see Extension:CentralNotice
ext.popups.core.previewCount Local Storage, not a cookie Производительность и анализ Помогает нам понимать эффективность Hovercards.
WMF-Last-Access 30 дней Производительность и анализ Помогает нам высчитывать количество уникальный устройств, приходящих на наш сайт. Посмотрите: diff.wikimedia.org/2016/03/30/unique-devices-dataset/

Третья сторона:

We will never use third-party cookies on our wikis unless we get your permission to do so. These cookies would allow us to render services provided by third parties, such as "like" and "share" buttons. When a third party provides these kinds of services, they may require the use of a cookie in order to provide their services.

If you ever come across a third-party cookie transferred to your device during your access of the Wikimedia wiki sites, where you did not take any action to authorize the use and/or transfer of that cookie  (such as one that may have been mistakenly placed by another user or administrator), please report that cookie to us at privacy@wikimedia.org.

A note about Wikimedia Foundation non-wiki sites:

Some non-wiki Wikimedia Foundation sites are hosted by a third-party service provider.

Sites hosted by WordPress VIP may have the WordPress Stats module enabled. Stats is a service that allows us to understand how many visitors we get to our WordPress-hosted non-wiki sites, their location by country, and which pages, posts and links are the most popular. Only the Wikimedia Foundation and the service provider, Automattic/WordPress, have access to the raw Stats data, which is retained for a maximum of 30 days. For more information about Stats, see WordPress' support page on the module.

Sites hosted by Civilized Discourse Construction Kit, Inc., known as Discourse forums, use cookies for functionality purposes and to store preferences. Only the Wikimedia Foundation and the service provider have access to the raw data. For more information about the cookies and their retention periods, see Discourse's information about cookies. Please note that the Wikimedia Foundation has not configured its Discourse forums to use Google Analytics, serve advertisements, or process donations; Discourse cookies related to those purposes are not used in our Sites.

Какие у меня есть варианты использования файлов cookie?

While this is not a comprehensive list, below are some of the things that you can do to limit use of cookies and other locally stored data technologies on your device. While cookies and other locally stored data technologies may not be necessary to use our sites, some features may not function properly if you disable them.

Вы можете:

  • remove or disable specific locally stored data on your browser's settings (you can reset your web browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent);
  • use a browser that can block third-party cookies; or
  • install a plug-in to block locally stored data, if one is available.

Turning off the browser's cookies will prevent tracking pixels from tracking your specific activity. A tracking pixel may still record an anonymous visit from your IP address, but unique information will not be recorded. If you do not want to receive tracking pixels, you will need to disable HTML images in your browser-based email client, and that may affect your ability to view images in other emails that you receive.

Где я могу найти дополнительные сведения?

Более подробные сведения можно найти в нашей Политике конфиденциальности. Если остались какие-то ещё вопросы, их можно задать по адресу privacy@wikimedia.org.


Обратите, пожалуйста, внимание на то, что в случае каких-либо различий в смысле или в интерпретации между оригинальной английской версией этого контента и переводом преимущество имеет оригинальная английская версия.