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Kebijakan/Glosari kata kunci

From Wikimedia Foundation Governance Wiki
This page is a translated version of the page Policy:Privacy policy/Glossary of key terms and the translation is 43% complete.
Outdated translations are marked like this.

Wikimedia Foundation Privacy Policy Glossary of Key Terms


An "application programming interface" or "API" is a communication protocol that allows software components to communicate with each other. The MediaWiki API, for example, allows third-party software tools to communicate with Mediawiki sites (including Wikimedia Sites) to carry out certain actions, such as reading or editing a page, automatically and remotely. Learn more on Wikipedia.


A "browser" is a software application that people generally use to access the Internet. Examples of popular browsers include Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Internet Explorer. Learn more on Wikipedia.


A "cookie" is a tiny data file that we transfer onto your computer, mobile phone, or any other device that you use to access the Wikimedia Sites, generally used for authentication and occasionally tracking. Every cookie expires after a certain period of time, but that period varies depending on what the cookie is used for and how your browser is configured. A "session" cookie is one that generally expires when you close your web browser or mobile application. A "persistent" cookie is one that remains in your device, even after you close your browser or mobile application. A persistent cookie expires according to the duration set by us (or when you delete it manually). Learn more on Wikipedia.

Anda bisa menghapus atau melumpuhkan kuki-kuki melalui tetapan browser anda.

Jangan Lacak

"Do Not Track" or "DNT" is a way for your web browser to tell the website you are visiting that you do not want to be tracked by third parties whose websites you did not visit, like analytics services, advertising networks, and social platforms. When using this mechanism, a signal is sent by your browser, expressing your desire that your personal information, particularly about your online activities and network interactions, should not be passed on to third parties. When receiving a DNT signal sent by your browser, the person or entity that owns the website has the option to either honor or ignore the above-mentioned request.


The "global positioning system" or "GPS" is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information on the location of devices designed to receive their signals such as car navigation systems or cell phones. Learn more on Wikipedia.

Alamat Internet Protokol

Alamat Protokol Internet (atau “alamat IP”) adalah satu nomor unik yang diberikan kepada perangkat tertentu yang bersambung dengan Internet. Alamat IP anda mungkin tidak selalu sama pada perangkat tertentu, bergantung pada beberapa faktor seperti penggunaan server proksi atau jaringan perusahaan. Namun bagaimanapun, secara umumnya, alamat IP diberikan menurut lokasi geografis perangkat anda dan penyedia layanan Internet anda, dan mungkin berguna untuk memperkirakan lokasi anda dengan benar. Ketahui lebih lanjut di Wikipedia.


"JavaScript" adalah bahasa pemrograman perangkat lunak standar yang digunakan dalam kebanyakan situs web modern. Ketahui lebih lanjut di Wikipedia.

Penyimpanan Sementara

"Local Storage" (also known as "Web Storage") is a way for a website to collect and store information "locally" (i.e. on the user's device rather than on the website's server) and then later retrieve it again. For example, by using LocalStorage, a user's visits can be stored on their own computer, counted, and then given to us. This allow us to receive important use statistics (the count of visits), while the specific information about when each individual visit occurred would never be transmitted to us.


"Metadata" means additional information about a particular file (such as a photo or video) that usually includes things like the manufacturer and model of the device that took a photo, date and time the photo was taken, exposure time, lens focal length, ISO speed rating, and f-number. Some metadata is automatically included by the device and some is written by the owner of the device. Learn more on Wikipedia.

Sistem Operasi

An "operating system" is a software program that manages your device's hardware resources and performs basic tasks like keeping track of files, recognizing when you type something into the keyboard, and sending output to your screen. Examples of common operating systems include Linux (also known as GNU/Linux), iOS, Windows, Mac OS X, and Android. Learn more on Wikipedia.

Server Proksi

A “proxy server” is a server that acts as an intermediary between your device and the server your device is requesting information (connection to a webpage, a file, etc.) from. Learn more on Wikipedia.

Tracking Pixel

A "tracking pixel" (sometimes called "web beacons", "transparent GIFs", "clear GIFs", "pixel gifs", or "pixel tags") is a tiny, invisible image that allows us to track activities on Wikimedia Sites or activities based on email notifications we send. Although tracking pixels are commonly associated with advertising, we never use tracking pixels for advertising nor do we sell or rent the information collected through tracking pixels. Information collected through tracking pixels can only be shared with third parties in aggregated form and in accordance with the Privacy Policy. Tracking pixels help us figure out if certain features, notifications, and products are effective and if they can be improved. Learn more on Wikipedia.

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